A How-to Guide on the Different Types of Differentials

A differential in vehicles is a term used to refer to something or a device that is found in the engine of the vehicle and divides the engine into two parts. Basing on the distance the vehicle is covering, the differential is able to allow the wheels to spin in different speeds. The buyers guide helps you to understand how your vehicle moves and how the wheels spin. The type of differential that your vehicle has can only be known by reading or having the buyer’s guide. Therefore, before you purchase any vehicle you should ask for the buyer to give you the buyer’s guide. The types of differential found in different vehicles have been discussed in this buyers guide.

To start with we will look at the open differential. Open differential is most common in the market today. This is because it is inexpensive. In almost every new vehicle there is an open differential in it. The buyers guide manual can explain whether the vehicle you have purchased has an open differential or not. The open differential will only work best when the weather is under normal conditions. However the performance of the open differential drops or becomes poor when the weather changes and the roads become slippery. Slippery roads makes the wheels of an open differential to continue spinning without making any movement. Compaired to any other differential, open differentials are less expensive in cost and maintenance.

The limited-slip differential is the second differential we shall discuss. Spinning of your vehicle wheels in different speeds when the weather conditions are good is made possible by the limited-slip differential. The difference of this differential from the open one is that it prevents additional torque from the slipping tire. The torque is only directed to the tire if that tire is discovered to have the most traction. The efficiency of the vehicle is made through the redirection of the torque to the tire with the most traction. Your turnings are made faster and harder when you have the limited-slip differentials. For this reason, limited-slip differentials are mostly preferred in racing cars.

The other one is the Torsen differential. Its complexity differentiates it from others. It makes your car to perform less work. The buyers guide should help explain its complex nature. Neither clutches nor fluid resistance are needed by this differential to add resistance to produce torque seen in limited-slip differential. The constant meshing of the gears makes it possible for the torque to be transferred immediately. It is the most responsive differential due to the reasons. Excluding the negatives, the Torsen differential is able to combine all the benefits of both the open and the limited-slip differentials.

In conclusion, the above buyers guide shows some of the examples of the different types of differentials.